injury knee painKnee pain may be acute (as a result of a recent injury in sport, running or a fall) or chronic (as a result of inadequate treatment, biomechanical problems or arthritis). Knee pain can result in considerable disability in sport, work and everyday activities.

The knee joint is the largest in the human body and primarily acts as a hinge joint, which enables the knee to bend or straighten. The knee joint is a complex area made up of many ligaments, tendons, and soft tissue structures. It plays an essential role in movement related to carrying the body weight in horizontal (running and walking) and vertical (jumps) directions.

Knee problems can lead to 'giving way', pain, stiffness, weakness, reduced balance and poor gait leading to an inability to perform your preferred activities. This can lead to difficulty walking, going up and down stairs, running or even sitting in one spot for extended periods.

Physiotherapy can help by taking a precise history, examining the area thoroughly, obtaining a diagnosis and treating the problem. This may involve hands on therapy, soft tissue work, taping, and exercises to improve strength, coordination, balance and function.