The neck comprises seven vertebrae and is separated by discs, which act as shock absorbers. The neck must support the proportionately large weight of the head, and therefore is heavily reliant on both ligaments and muscles to provide the required stability.
Neck injury can cause significant pain and limitation to movement, which affects everyday activities such as turning the head. Arthritis can also affect the joints of the neck and cause pain. The other predominant cause of neck pain is poor posture. It particularly affects individuals working in administration roles.
If you experience significant neck pain it is recommended that you consult a physiotherapist to identify and treat the specific causes of the pain. Physiotherapy treatments usually include techniques to reduce muscle spasm, mobilisation, perhaps manipulation, postural retraining, education regarding prevention of neck pain, and a home exercise program designed to increase function through stretching and movement.